Braking System: Working, Replacement & Maintenance Tips
What is a Braking System, and What is its Use?
A braking system is a device that allows a vehicle to stop or slow down by lowering its speed or coming to a complete stop. It is an important safety element that enables drivers to regulate the speed of their cars and make safe, controlled stops.
The main purpose of a braking system is to slow down or stop a moving object by converting its kinetic energy into thermal energy. When the driver depresses the brake pedal, the braking system receives a hydraulic or mechanical force. This force pushes the brake shoes or pads up against the rotor or drum of the wheel.
The purpose of anti-lock braking systems is to stop the wheels from locking up and slipping when applying intense braking. To prevent skidding, the ABS automatically modifies the braking pressure applied to each wheel in response to wheel speed.
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How does Brake System work?
A car’s braking system functions by turning the kinetic energy of the vehicle into heat energy, which is then expelled through the braking system. Drum and disc brakes are the two basic braking system types found in automobiles.
A rotor (or disc) is fastened to the wheel in a disc braking system, and calipers with brake pads are installed on either side of the rotor. The brake pads press on the rotor when the brake pedal is depressed, slowing the wheel. Hydraulic pressure is provided to the calipers.
In a drum brake system, brake shoes with friction linings are fixed inside the drum, which is attached to the wheel. The hydraulic pressure provided to the brake shoes when the brake pedal is depressed causes them to press against the interior of the drum and slow the wheel.
Both braking systems rely on friction to slow the vehicle down, although disc brakes are often more efficient and offer more stopping power than drum brakes. Most modern automobiles also have an anti-lock braking system (ABS), which keeps the wheels from locking up and sliding while applying solid brakes. To prevent the wheels from locking up, the ABS employs sensors to track the speed of each rotation and occasionally applies the brakes.
When should you replace the braking system?
A car’s braking system is essential to its safety system, so it must always be in good working order.
Here are some indicators that it might be time to update your car’s braking system:
- When you press the brakes, you can hear a high-pitched squeaking or grinding sound. This could mean your brake pads are worn out and must be changed.
- If you notice that it takes longer for your car to stop entirely or that the brake pedal feels spongy or unresponsive, it may indicate that it is time to replace your brakes.
- You can feel a vibration or pulsation in the steering wheel or pedal when you use the brakes. This could indicate that your brake rotors are warped and must be changed.
- If the brake warning light on your dashboard continues to illuminate, it may be a sign that the braking system has an issue that needs to be fixed.
How to maintain the braking system?
Maintaining your car’s braking system ensures its safe and dependable performance. Here are some actions you can take to keep the brakes on your vehicle:
- The brake fluid must be at the proper level to effectively transfer the force from the brake pedal to the brakes. Regularly check the brake fluid level to ensure that it is at the appropriate level.
- Examine the brake pads and rotors, as these components cause friction and cause your automobile to slow down. Check for wear and tear on the brake pads and rotors and replace them as necessary.
- When applying the brakes, pay attention to any unusual noises. If you hear squealing or grinding, your brake pads may need to be replaced.
- Test the brake pedal, as It should feel firm when you push it. It might be a sign of a brake system issue if it is spongy or extends to the floor.
- Have your brakes maintained regularly to help stop issues before they arise. Have a trained mechanic check out your brakes at least once a year or more regularly if you notice any problems.
Where can you buy Brake System in Dubai?
Brake System are available at different suppliers and dealers of auto spare parts in Dubai. Noorhan is amongst the leading brands that deal with genuine auto spare parts and aftermarket parts for different car brands, including BMW, Mercedes, Audi, Porsche, Honda, Toyota, Nissan, Mazda, Jeep, Ford, and other Japanese, European, American, Korean, luxury cars brand.